A secured purchase is financing or purchase that is secured by collateral. It entails a borrower or buyer, known as the debtor technically, and a lender or seller, known as a creditor technically, and more specifically known as a secured party. Common secured transactions add a bank loaning business money therefore the continuing business can buy inventory, or an ongoing company offering business equipment on credit. In these transactions, the business is the debtor, the lender or the selling company is the creditor, and, most likely, the equipment or inventory will be at least part of the security.
A creditor has a security interest in a security and becomes a secured party, if and when a security interest “attaches.” Beneath the UCC, a security interest generally does not connect unless three basic requirements are met. “Authenticates” a security agreement. Let’s briefly look at each one of these requirements. Value. A secured deal is an agreement between your debtor and the secured party. Like most contracts, there must be an exchange of thought between your parties.
In other words, there should be an exchange of value. In the full case of secured transactions, the value given by the secured party is obvious usually. For example, a bank gives value to a debtor when, in conjunction with a security agreement, it loans money to the debtor to buy inventory.
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Similarly, a seller gives value to a debtor when, in conjunction with a security agreement, it sells equipment to the debtor. Debtor’s privileges in collateral. A small business may have privileges in security either by buying the collateral prior to the secured transaction or by purchasing the guarantee as part of a secured transaction. When a business already is the owner of certain property, it ought to be clear that the business has rights in that property and can use it as collateral.
In other situations, a small business will buy items (materials, inventory, equipment, and so forth) on credit and want to use those same items as collateral. In such cases, the business enterprise will sign a conditional sales agreement, which is also considered a security agreement, and which, under UCC sales rules, will give the business the required privileges in the purchased what to use them as security.
Security contract. For purposes of connection, the debtor must “authenticate” a security agreement. Quite simply, the agreement must be signed by the debtor. A security agreement normally will include a clear statement that the debtor is granting the secured party a security desire for specified goods. The agreement also must definitely provide an explanation of the security.